Biotechnology, a world of new inventions, creations and bonding with nature and environment had upgraded the living of humans on earth. Biotechnology is a study where technology and biological systems come together to develop or make products for a specific use.
Biotechnology contains a number of technologies based upon biological understanding at the cellular and molecular level. It is believed that Biotechnology had a much more significant role in the 21st century than it had in the 20th century. The 21st century opened various avenues for research aspirants in fields of medicine, pharmaceuticals, and agriculture.
With the ever-increasing achievements like the breaking of the genetic code and the development of tools that enable scientists to probe the molecules of life, the 21st-century Biotechnology is the amalgamation of these developments with computer powers as in Bioinformatics, to help face the upcoming challenges.
Agricultural based companies had interest ranging from tissue culture to biopesticides. Major attention had been given by the health-related activities like the Antimicrobial Stewardship Program and in environmental biotechnology. The biopharmaceutical, which comprises of vaccines, diagnostics, and recombinant products, is the major segment of the Indian Biotechnology Industry.
The Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the University Grants Commission (UGC) and the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) are the six major agencies responsible for financing and supporting research in the realm of biotechnology. Biotechnology with remarkable changes and developments lead to the path full of many opportunities and challenges.